What A Biden Presidency Means For The Oil Industry
There has been a lot of hand-wringing in the oil industry about the consequences of a Joe Biden win, so let’s discuss those today.
Here is some context I like to use to frame the discussion. Republican President George W. Bush was formerly a Texas oilman. His Vice President, Dick Cheney, was the former Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the oilfield services company Halliburton (NYSE: HAL).
You couldn’t ask for a more oil-friendly administration. Yet U.S. oil production declined all eight years they were in office. The year before Bush was inaugurated, U.S. oil production averaged 5.8 million barrels per day (BPD). In 2008, his last full year in office, production averaged 5.0 million BPD.
Obama the Oil Man?
Democrat Barack Obama took office in January 2009. He had campaigned on combating climate change. He implemented lots of policies designed to encourage the use of renewable energy. He was often openly hostile to the oil industry, slowing down pipeline permits and placing more federal lands off-limits to drilling.
What happened? U.S. oil production increased each year during the first seven years Obama was in office. The U.S. saw the fastest growth of oil production in history, as well as the largest expansion under any president. As is often the case, the alarmists were proven wrong.
From Obama’s first year in office through his seventh, U.S. oil production rose by nearly 90%. U.S. natural gas production also skyrocketed. The price of natural gas, oil, and in turn gasoline, all plunged as production surged. In 2008 gasoline futures averaged $2.45 a gallon. By 2016, that had fallen to $1.40 a gallon.
What can we conclude? I believe the logical conclusion is that a president just doesn’t have a lot of impact on the oil markets. Or, if there is an impact, it takes years to materialize.
Why did President Obama’s tenure see such an explosion in fossil fuel production? Because hydraulic fracturing, which saw significant development under George W. Bush, matured under Obama. Production increased despite Obama’s policies, not because of them.
Biden and the COVID-19 Factor
That brings us back to Democrat Joe Biden. He campaigned on similar themes as Barack Obama, for whom he served as vice president for eight years. He will likely implement similar policies. We will probably see slower approval of pipelines, and less drilling on public lands. Despite his flip-flops on the issue, we will not see a ban on fracking. That was never a realistic option.
But Biden’s impact on the overall oil industry will pale in comparison to the impact of the worsening COVID-19 pandemic. In case people haven’t noticed, the oil industry was decimated before the election. Share values across the industry have been cut in half this year.
The year started off with a price war between Russia and Saudi Arabia, which sent prices down. But then the COVID-19 outbreak crushed oil demand and in turn prices. This double-whammy wreaked serious damage to the U.S. oil industry this year, with a flood of layoffs and bankruptcies.
The biggest impact Joe Biden could make on the oil industry would be to get the pandemic under control as quickly as possible, which would allow demand for oil to rebound. No other policy would have a greater effect.
Biden’s legacy in the energy sector is likely to resemble that of his predecessors. He will pass a few policies that exert incremental change, but those small results will be mere noise amid such macro factors as new technology (e.g., fracking and electric vehicles) and a raging pandemic. The oil industry’s greatest risk isn’t political; it’s biological.
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